Specialty derived from telemedicine , telecardiology uses the same principles of information exchange and online communication to facilitate the performance and evaluation of exams, the issuance of reports and the closing of diagnoses. In this case, as the name itself suggests, it is focused on the cardiological area, to attend to and identify heart diseases and other changes in the functioning of the heart.
From the monitoring of the patient’s conditions to the support of specialists for a more accurate diagnosis, the entire process can be done at a distance, via the internet, enabling patients to access health and assist medical work. Therefore, in this article, we will show the importance of this specialty and how physicians can act in this new branch of cardiology.
What Telecardiology Can Offer
Cardiology telemedicine, as it is also called telecardiology, is one of the most benefited specialties technological innovations that allow the exchange of information online in the health area. The entire process is done in an appropriate and secure information and image management system. In Brazil is regulated by the safety regulations of Anvisa and Federal Council of Medicine .
Among the main differentials of cardiology via telemedicine in relation to conventional, without the use of digital communication technologies, is the distance report of examinations as ECG , Holter, and even ABPM (Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring). The reports can be made remotely by cardiologists, who do not act directly in the clinic or hospital where the examination was performed. Through telemedicine, the evaluation results are sent online to an online center, which distributes it to its team of specialists – in some cases, the information goes directly from the integrated device to the telemedicine service, without the need for manual digitization or upload.
On desktops or mobile devices (laptops, tablets or smartphones) connected to the internet, physicians access cardiac exams data and can report anytime and anywhere in the country on the telemedicine platform. Some advanced systems still rely on artificial intelligence (machine learning) , where computers cross-reference stored data and images, and help doctors identify abnormalities and more accurately diagnose.
These facilities allow the award to be made available the same day for clinics and hospitals, which can quickly deliver it to patients. In urgent cases, in just one hour.
In addition to the issuance of reports, telecardiology has other fronts made possible by telemedicine, such as remote patient monitoring (teleassistance), online medical interaction (teleconference) and professional training at a distance (tele-education). Some countries already have teleconsultation but in Brazil, the online contact between doctor and patient is still being made possible .
Remote patient monitoring
O patient or under evaluation can be monitored in your own home or at a local health center. Data from cardiac devices such as pacemakers, holter, blood pressure gauges, and others are sent in real time (via the internet) to the report center or to other medical teams that will evaluate the patient. Remote monitoring helps reduce the number of hospital visits or clinics, giving comfort to doctors and patients.
This tool is also widely used in ambulances and mobile ICUs, for example, because the data is already inserted in the electronic medical record while emergency care is performed. When they get to the hospital, cardiologists already have the information from the exams to follow up with the treatment.
Online medical interaction
Teleconsultation can be done among physicians, when a general practitioner (from a city in the interior, for example) seeks assistance from a cardiologist at a referral health center. The exchange of knowledge may come as a second opinion in diagnosis, a more indicated medicine, or even live guidance on performing a procedure. As a team, they can decide and chart the most appropriate treatment for the patient.
Professional training at a distance
The focus is to empower health professionals who are far from large centers, seeking to update them and prepare them for various situations of medical practice. Telemedicine for telemedicine uses videoconferences, lectures, lectures, e-learning and recycling programs. It is a way to bring knowledge to improve the performance of examinations and to provide quality patient care.
The doctor’s performance
Telemedicine and its specialties such as telecardiology have not been enough to replace but rather to complement medical care. It is undeniable that medicine of the future will require physicians constant updates and mastery of many of the new technologies applied to health. However, these innovations will also open a range of possibilities for professionals seeking knowledge in this area.
Although many believe that technology goes against humanization of medicine , this is one of the points where telemedicine can contribute. Doctors may leave bureaucratic situations to be more dedicated to empathic care, receiving the patient well, listening to their complaints, and evaluating them on a global basis.
In addition, the focus of medicine goes from curative to preventive, enabling more accurate diagnoses and less invasive procedures. With the technological advancement in medicine, it will be increasingly possible to support physicians to exercise unhindered their main function: care for the patient and save lives.
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